NEW YORK, USA: Rich countries have started hoarding Covid-19 vaccine, enough doses to vaccinate their entire populations nearly three times over while people living in poor countries are set to miss out, a coalition of campaigning bodies warns.
The People’s Vaccine Alliance says nearly 70 lower-income countries will only be able to vaccinate one in 10 people.
This is despite Oxford-AstraZeneca pledging to provide 64% of its doses to people in developing nations.
Steps are being taken to ensure access to vaccines is fair around the globe.
This vaccine commitment, known as Covax, has managed to secure 700 million doses of vaccines to be distributed between the 92 lower-income countries that have signed up.
But even with this plan in place, the People’s Vaccine Alliance – a network of organisations including Amnesty International, Oxfam and Global Justice Now – says there is not enough to go round, and drug companies should share their technology to make sure more doses are produced.
Steve Cockburn, Amnesty International’s Head of Economic and Social Justice, said: “The hoarding of vaccines actively undermines global efforts to ensure that everyone, everywhere can be protected from Covid-19. Rich countries have clear human rights obligations not only to refrain from actions that could harm access to vaccines elsewhere but also to cooperate and provide assistance to countries that need it.
“By buying up the vast majority of the world’s vaccine supply, rich countries are in breach of their human rights obligations. Instead, by working with others to share knowledge and scale up supply, they could help bring an end to the global Covid-19 crisis.”
Their analysis found that rich countries have bought enough doses to vaccinate their entire populations three times over if all the vaccines are approved for use.
Canada, for example, has ordered enough vaccines to protect each Canadian five times, it claims.
And even though rich nations represent just 14% of the world’s population, they have bought up 53% of all the most promising vaccines so far.
“No-one should be blocked from getting a life-saving vaccine because of the country they live in or the amount of money in their pocket,” said Anna Marriott, Oxfam’s health policy manager.
“But unless something changes dramatically, billions of people around the world will not receive a safe and effective vaccine for Covid-19 for years to come.”
The People’s Vaccine Alliance is calling on all pharmaceutical corporations working on Covid-19 vaccines to openly share their technology and intellectual property so that billions of more doses can be manufactured and made available to everyone who needs them.
This can be done through the World Health Organisation Covid-19 technology access pool, it says.
AstraZeneca, the company manufacturing the Covid-19 vaccine developed by the University of Oxford, has committed to making it available on a not-for-profit basis to the developing world. It is cheaper than the others and can be stored at fridge temperatures, making it easier to distribute across the globe.
But campaigners say one company on its own cannot supply enough vaccines for the whole world.
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine has already received approval in the UK and the most vulnerable are starting to be vaccinated this week. It is likely to receive approval from regulators in the US and Europe soon, meaning it could be some time before it is shared with poorer nations.
Two other vaccines, from Moderna and Oxford-AstraZeneca, are awaiting regulatory approval in several countries.
The Russian vaccine, Sputnik, has also announced positive trial results, and four other vaccines are going through late-stage clinical trials.