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Blogs Pakistan

Gender and Development in the discourse of Religion, Politics and Economy

The discussion of religious and secular ideologies is the hot topic for many decades, these concepts have their vital participation in different matters of global discourses including the discussion of feminist movements. Women faced intense difficulties and restrictions to consider their participation in different aspects of practical life. To promote and support the participation of women, the secular and religious feminist movements elaborate their particular thoughts on the basis of different perceptions to fight for women rights. Religious feminist movements in Pakistan indorse Islamic thoughts to support women rights, but on the other hand the secular feminists advocate the traditional teachings to support women autonomy and insist to separate religion and politics in the domain of advance societies. The tendency of both ideologies is towards the enhancement of women participation on different levels that are neither strictly religious nor secular. If we analyze the participation of women in religious decision making matters, there is no enough representation of women exists, infect there is very less existence of female members in religious decision making institutes. There is only a one female representation (Dr. Samia Raheel Qazi) in the current members of Pakistan Council of Islamic Ideology that depicts the miner position of women in decision making positions in Pakistan.

Labour class (especially women labour) is facing intense survival pressures due to the Social, political and economic downfall at the global level. The globalization risks cause the factor of insecurity specially for the working class of the society, because the lower class face the direct and in-direct both effects of socio-economic downfall due to the economic dent that happens all-across the globe. Those Women, who are working in in-formal economies, receive most lethal consequences due to the globalization risks. The major difficulties face by women labor include, lack of social security, absence of written argument, low wages, lack of advance skills etc. Results reveal that only 4% of women workers in different manufacturing companies in Pakistan have any written argument with factory owners, that is one of the main factor that cause the absence of social protection for the female labors. According to Unifeem, in the world there are 60% to 80% of the in-formal organizations, where the women do not avail social protection. These are some of the main issues that cause high rate of poverty, according to economic survey of Pakistan 2013-14, there is 61% of the population that is living below poverty line, means the one day earning of an individual is less than two dollars (almost 200 rupees). These factors are the major restriction in the way of development prospects towards the implementation to get positive consequences. We have to overcome these restrictions as soon as possible to get developing status in the region.

Author: Muhammad Faizan Jamil