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World Asthma Day: Causes, symptoms and treatment

ISLAMABAD- World Asthma Day is aimed to raise awareness, care and support for those affected by asthma. Here we are to help fulfilling the purpose of this day and spread awareness regarding this disease.

On World Asthma Day, here are a few facts regarding the disease,

Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs which ensues breathing problems.

Causes

Asthma results out of inflammation (swelling in airways. When the attack happens, the lining of the air passage swells and the muscles surrounding the airways become tight. This lessens the amount of air that passes through airway.

Triggers

Asthma symptoms can be triggered by breathing in substances called allergens or triggers. These can be animals (hair or dander), dust mites, certain medicine, weather change, chemicals in air or food, exercise, mold, pollen, respiratory infections, strong emotions (stress), tobacco smoke, and family history. All these can result in Asthmic symptoms, which brings us to what these symptoms are.

Symptoms

Symptoms include cough (with or without phlegm), pulling in of the skin between the ribs when breathing, shortness of breath that gets worse with exercise or activity, wheezing, and emergency symptoms that need prompt medical help

Bluish color to the lips and face

Decreased level of alertness, such as severe drowsiness or confusion, during an asthma attack

Extreme difficulty breathing

Rapid pulse

Severe anxiety due to shortness of breath.

Sweating

Abnormal breathing pattern –breathing out takes more than twice as long as breathing in

Breathing temporarily stops

Chest pain

Tightness in the chest

Treatment

Follow your doctor’s instructions on taking medicines, avoiding triggers, and monitoring symptoms.