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Everything you need to know about heat stroke

Heat stroke is becoming a curse of summer season as last year many people lost their lives because of this. As the summer approaches, we need to know about heat stroke before it starts picking us,

A heat wave is a period of abnormally high temperatures, more than the normal maximum temperature during the summer season. The extreme temperature and resultant atmospheric conditions adversely affect people as they cause physiological stress, sometimes resulting in death as well.

So people should shield themselves from the sun between noon and 3 pm as the intensity of the heat is highest during this time of the day.

The health impact of heat wave revolves around dehydration, heat cramps, exhaustion and heat strokes.

The signs and symptoms of heat cramps are swelling and fainting, generally accompanied by fever. The symptoms of heat exhaustion include, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, muscle cramps and vomiting.

What should you do?

After calling 911, Move the person to an air-conditioned environment — or at least a cool, shady area and remove any unnecessary clothing.

If possible, take the person’s core body temperature and initiate first aid to cool it to 101 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit. (If no thermometers are available, don’t hesitate to initiate first aid.)

Try these cooling strategies:

Fan air over the patient while wetting his or her skin with water from a sponge or garden hose.

Apply ice packs to the patient’s armpits, groin, neck, and back. Because these areas are rich with blood vessels close to the skin, cooling them may reduce body temperature.

Immerse the patient in a shower or tub of cool water, or an ice bath.

If emergency response is delayed, call the hospital emergency room for additional instructions.